Sunday, February 16, 2020
Personal project for class project management - Essay Example This provides our graduates who are not soccer talented to holistically compete favourably in the competitive society. The modality for enrolment of the children is very elaborate and it encourages diversity in all aspects since children are enrolled using a formulae that represents the face of the world. Of importance is that the enrolment is gender sensitive. The institution prides itself for being non prejudice in any form with a clear understanding that a peaceful world or society brings out the best in everyone (Cynthia 17) We have different centres world over. In the North America we are based in Canada, in South America in Brazil, in Africa there are three centres-in Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa, and in Asia the centres are in China and India. However the main administrative office is based in London in the United Kingdom ( Posner Center Para 4) Our values dictate all our tasks ranging from strategic planning, enrolment of children and recruitment of both volunteers and technical professionalexperts, and programmes created. Discipline, honesty, diversity, and professionalism are some of the epicentre of our values. As the notion goes that education without character is a clever devil special emphasis ison discipline (Cynthia 17) Recruitment of staff based on meritocracy with indicative credentials of exhibiting honesty, leadership and professionalism. In addition, Creation of well stratified leadership structure with responsibility accorded to each echelon.Second, coming up with clear projects each year and ensuring these projects are completed within the set time schedule. Compulsoryprojects must conform to the rules and regulations as well as legal requirements of the member countries. In addition, any project carried by the institution must align with the mission, vision, objectives and values as stipulated by the club.Third, each yearÃ¢â¬â¢s fiscal budget elaborately spelt with emergence and
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Evidence Based Management and Leadership - Research Paper Example In the last decade, it has been accepted that in the medical industry the decisions should be evidence based because in this way they can be more careful regarding individual patientÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment. Using evidence based management actually provides a just and more explicit way of taking care of someone (Axelsson, 2005). Medical is a profession where everything starts with care and treatment, therefore the use of evidence based management is very much necessary in this field. The evidence may come through a deep research and the observations and in this way we can say that in the medical field the research regarding new innovations and the medicines are really needed.Ã It is the 21st century and now almost everything is revolutionized or at least running in a new direction and also at a faster pace than ever before. Therefore, we can say that old techniques and the formulas are obsolete now and there are many new techniques to replace the old ones. Medicine is a kind of professi on, which only become perfect with a lot of experience and practice. Along with the practice and experience, the importance of research and exploring new and creative innovation cannot be neglected here. Innovativeness and the creativity play an important role in building a good image of a leader. Therefore, we can say that evidence based management can also help for building a good and effective leader in the hospitals.There is a famous proverb that Ã¢â¬Ëto a hammer, everything looks like a nailÃ¢â¬â¢.
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Royal Institute Of British Architects Work Plan Stages The RIBA Plan of Work describes the activities from appraising the clients requirements through to post construction. The stages are also used in the appointment of architects and help to identify consultant services and indicate the resource and fee total by Work Stage. The information below is in accordance with CABE principles (Creating Excellent Buildings: A guide for clients, 2003, CABE and Being involved in School Design, 2004, CABE)) and the RIBA Plan of Work. The choice of procurement route has a fundamental influence on how different Work Stages proceed. This is summarised in outline as far as possible but the exact way in which different Stages are conducted within the overall project programme needs careful consideration at the outset. It is worth noting that the RIBA Plan of Work was originally developed to reflect the needs of Traditional contract forms. The subsequent development of alternative contract forms such as PFI, BSF and partnered contracts means that RIBA Stages dont necessarily fit precisely with discrete stages in these alternative contract forms. The Achieving Excellence in Construction Procurement guide 11 Sustainability identifies the intervention points for larger programmes such as BSF including PFI. See www.ogc.gov.uk. Any project needs a vision and key performance indicators to be identified up front. They should be assessed at each stage to monitor achievement and check that they are still appropriate. For a project that wants to integrate sustainability in all aspects of a project this is even more important, as for many clients it will involve some changes to conventional methods and new ways of working need strong management support if they are to be successfully implemented. KPIs should be identified in the early project stages for the whole of the Prepare, Design, Construct and Use cycle. RIBA Work Stage (Common name) People involved Purpose of work and decisions needed Tasks to be undertaken PREPARATION RIBA Stage A Appraisal (Briefing) All client interests, architect/ lead designer (depending on procurement route) Identification of Clients requirements and any possible constraints on development. Preparation of studies to enable the Client to decide whether to proceed and to select the probable procurement method. The latter is a particularly important decision, as it will determine the way in which project resources, responsibilities and risks are apportioned between the Client and its consultants and contractors. Set up project steering group or equivalent and identify the vision and key performance indicators (KPIs) for the project. Consider funding and procurement route- BSF, Academy, DfES bid, LEA resources, school, other agencies. Traditional contract: Submit funding bid to DfES Appoint Design Team PFI/BSF contract: Prepare option appraisals Submit outline business case (OBC) Obtain OBC approval Fix budget for project Advertise in OJEU Partnering contract: Advertise for and select partnering contractor Develop scheme with client and contractor to determine budget Appoint design advisor, education expert and design champion. Set up Client organisation for briefing RIBA Stage B Preparing Strategic Brief Clients representatives, consortium/ partnering team members, architects, engineers and QS according to the nature of the project. Preparation of general outline of requirements and planning of future action on behalf of, the client with client confirming key requirements and constraints. Identification of procedures, organisational structure and range of consultants and others to be engaged for the project. The strategic brief is a key output from this stage and becomes the clear responsibility of the client. Studies of user requirements, site conditions, planning, design and cost etc, as necessary to reach decisions Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. LEA prepares accommodation schedules in consultation with schools. Traditional contract: Sketch design proposals Cost check against budget Prepare final detailed brief. PFI/BSF contract: Select shortlist of bidders. Prepare ITN and issue to bidders Receive bids from bidders Evaluate sample designs (BSF) Evaluate and select Preferred Bidder Partnering contract: Decide Partnering Programme (workshops etc.) Cost check against budget DESIGN RIBA Stage C Outline proposals Stage C begins when the architects brief has been determined in sufficient detail (Sketch plans) All client interests, consortium/ partnering team members, architects, engineers, QS and specialists are required. Provide the client with an appraisal and recommendation in order that they may determine the form in which the project is to proceed. Ensure that it is feasible functionally, technically and financially. At this point the development of the strategic brief into the full project brief begins and outline design proposals and cost estimates are prepared. Develop the brief further. Do studies on user requirements, technical aspects, planning, design and costs as necessary to reach decisions. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. Traditional contract: C to F Detailed design and tender documentation produced PFI/BSF contract: C to F Negotiations with preferred Bidder to finalise contract details. Non sample designs prepared in BSF Partnering contract: C to F Final design developed jointly within budget constraints, most likely to an Agreed Maximum Price (AMP). The Brief should not be modified substantially after this point. Depending on the procurement route, changes after this stage can incur additional cost or lengthen the programme. DESIGN RIBA Stage D Scheme Design &Planning; Detailed Proposals; Submit Planning Application (Planning drawings) All client interests, architects, engineers, QS and specialists and all statutory and other approving authorities, contractor (if appointed). Determines the general approach to the layout, design and construction in order to obtain authoritative approval of the client on the outline proposals. The project brief will be fully developed and detailed proposals will be made and compiled, generally in a Stage D report. The application for full development control approval will be made at this point. Complete final development brief and full design of the project by the architect. Engineers prepare preliminary design. Preparation of cost plan and full explanatory report. Submit proposals for all approvals. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. Traditional contract: C to F Detailed design and tender documentation produced PFI/BSF contract: C to F Negotiations with preferred Bidder to finalise contract details. Non sample designs prepared in BSF Partnering contract: C to F Final design developed jointly within budget constraints, most likely to an Agreed Maximum Price (AMP). DESIGN RIBA Stage E Detail Design; Final proposals. All client interests, architects, engineers, QS and specialists and all statutory and other approving authorities, contractor (if appointed). Completion of the brief with decisions made on the planning arrangement, appearance, construction method, outline specification and cost of the project. All approvals will be obtained at this stage, including for Building Regulations. In effect, during this Stage final proposals are developed for the Project sufficient for co-ordination of all its components and elements to realise the construction. Full design of every part and component of the building by collaboration of all concerned. Complete cost checking of designs. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. Traditional contract: C to F Detailed design and tender documentation produced PFI/BSF contract: C to F Negotiations with preferred Bidder to finalise contract details. Non sample designs prepared in BSF Partnering contract: C to F Final design developed jointly within budget constraints most likely to an Agreed Maximum Price (AMP). Any further change in location, size, shape, construction method or cost after this time is likely to result in abortive work. Some procurement methods can make it easier and less costly to make changes after this Stage. DESIGN RIBA Stage F Production information Architects, QS, engineers and specialists, contractor (if appointed). Final decisions taken on every matter related to design, specification, construction and cost. For a traditional procurement process, production information is first prepared in sufficient detail to enable a tender or tenders to be obtained. Any further production information required under the building contract to complete the information for construction is then prepared. All statutory approvals should be obtained by the end of this phase. Prepare final production information i.e. drawings, schedules and specifications. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. Traditional contract: C to F Detailed design and tender documentation produced PFI/BSF contract: C to F Negotiations with preferred Bidder to finalise contract details. Non sample designs prepared in BSF Partnering contract: C to F Final design developed jointly within budget constraints, most likely to an Agreed Maximum Price (AMP). DESIGN RIBA Stage G Tender documents; Bills of Quantities Architects, engineers and specialists. Contractor (if appointed) Prepare and collate tender documentation in sufficient detail to enable a tender or tenders to be obtained for the construction of the Project. It should be noted that this Stage is much more relevant to Traditional forms of procurement. Prepare Bills of Quantities and tender documents Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project Traditional contract: G to H Tendering process contractor selected PFI/BSF contract: G to H PFI contract signed LEP established in BSF Negotiations with contractor for future phases in BSF Partnering contract: G to H Contract signed Maximum price (AMP) fixed DESIGN RIBA Stage H Tender action Architects, QS, engineers, contractor, client. Prepare and complete all information and arrangements for obtaining tender(s). Identify potential contractors and/or specialists for the construction of the project. Tenders obtained and appraised with recommendations made to the client body or Steering Group to allow an appointment to be made. It is important that the contractors understanding of, and commitment to, the project vision and its sustainability is tested at this stage. This can be achieved by the inclusion of this as a key selection criterion early in the procurement process. Hold pre-tender briefing for potential contractors to ensure they have a good project understanding Obtain and appraise tenders Appoint contractor Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. CONSTRUCT CONSTRUCT CONSTRUCT RIBA Stage J Project Planning; Mobilisation (Site Operations) Architects, QS, engineers, contractor, client Building contract let and contractor appointed Production information issued to the contractor Site is handed over to the contractor Take action in accordance with the RIBA Plan of Work Appoint contractor Hand over site to contractor to prepare prior to construction Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. Traditional contract: J to M Construction monitored by design team PFI/BSF contract: J to M Construction of first phase Facilities Management (FM) service delivery commences on completion Partnering contract: J to M Contractor, design ream and client continue to partner to achieve budget/programme RIBA Stage K Operations on Site; Construction to Practical Completion (Site Operations) Contractors, sub-contractors Contractor programmes the work in accordance with the contract and commences work on site. The client or their representative the architect in Traditional procurement administers the building contract up to and including practical completion (this is the point at which the contractor hands back ownership of the site and completed project to the client). Further information supplied to the contractor as and when reasonably required. Take action in accordance with the RIBA Plan of Work Regular site inspections of work to ensure it meets specification. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project RIBA Stage L Completion (Site Operations) Architects, engineers, contractors, sub-contractors, QS, client This Stage is clearly separated from the construction phase. Final inspections are made to ensure specifications have been met. In addition, the final account is settled Take action in accordance with the RIBA Plan of Work Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project USE RIBA Stage M Feedback Architect, engineers, QS, contractor, client, users as appropriate At this Stage, the building has been handed over to the client for occupation. Any defects will have been remedied and the final account settled. This allows the management, construction and performance of the project to be assessed. Analyse job records and inspect completed building(s) as appropriate. Conduct studies of the building in use. These are particularly important to focus on energy in use against the design specification. Monitor performance against the vision and KPIs for the project. The RIBA Stages conclude at Stage M. For projects to be sustainable, the operational and decommissioning phases need to be separately identified and planned for by the client. For PFI/BSF procurement, these will be the responsibility of the consortium.
Friday, January 17, 2020
The company that I worked for years ago that many people are familiar with was Target. I actually worked in different departments at Target such as the fitting room, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s department, the menÃ¢â¬â¢s department, electronics, house wares, customer service, and cashiering. I mostly worked at the front of the store at the service desk and cashiering. I would help customers with returns and exchanges, provide information, and cashing out customers products through the register. I really enjoyed the nature of the job. I got a sense of satisfaction when I helped customers and other employees if needed. I believe Target runs a functional organizational structure. An organizational structure consists of activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision, which are directed towards the achievement of organization aims. I really enjoyed working there because Target would focus on certain categories within each store such as the store atmosphere, cash handling, loss prevention/safety and security, customer service, refunds and returns, visual merchandising, training, and inventoried and stock management. With these different categories that they focus on, make the company run smoothly and easy to work for. The Target store I worked, if you followed the rules then you had nothing to worry about and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I did. That ended up with me being there for almost four years. The only reason I left was because I had finished school and got a job managing another company, other than that, I really liked working with Target.
Thursday, January 9, 2020
When living in America, the chances of one having received some form of general education are high. Schools come in all shapes and sizes to accommodate the needs and preferences of parents and students; they can range between the extremes of religious to liberal arts and private to public education. In E.B. WhiteÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"EducationÃ¢â¬ , he describes his sonÃ¢â¬â¢s shift from a city private school to a country public school. In contrast, the public education I received before entering college was very different from the experiences of WhiteÃ¢â¬â¢s son as a child. In the beginning of WhiteÃ¢â¬â¢s story, his son starts off at a private school in the city. White points out that his son is taught by Ã¢â¬Å"half a dozen teachers and a nurse,Ã¢â¬ (283). Being that is it a private school, they can afford hiring different teachers to teach different subjects. By having teachers specialized in one subject, more content can be covered and the students can learn better. In my case, I cannot image what it would be like to be taught--at a young age-- by six teachers let alone what six subjects are taught. In elementary school, I only ever had two teachers; my homeroom teacher and the P.E teacher. Putting into practice the phrase Ã¢â¬ Jack of all trades and master of noneÃ¢â¬ my teachers taught me the core subjects in our classroom. Math was explained on the chalk or white board and put into practice in workbooks containing newspaper thin paper pocked with singed marks from red hot erasers. Science was not included in theShow MoreRelatedGraduation Speech : The Public Education System1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe public education system has been in place for enough time to know the many goals it has for students. Horace Mann allowed his sole purpose to present equal opportunity to students so they can experience wealth. The idea that if a person attends public school they will have the equal opportunity to be wealthy and have any career they wish. Howe ver, Ã¢â¬Å"equality does not mean that everyone will have equal incomes and equal statusÃ¢â¬ (Spring, 2013, p. 66). As Spring mentions above, this idea of whatRead MoreSeparation of Church and State685 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesknown as Ã¢â¬Å"wall of separation between church and stateÃ¢â¬ , is a phrase used by Thomas Jefferson in understanding the two clauses of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States: Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause. The public education system felt the greatest impact as a result of the First Amendment of the Constitution in 1791, when the connection between God and the good of civilization was destroyed. God is slowly being taken of classrooms, ceremonies and even sportingRead MoreTeaching Human Sexuality in the High School Curriculum1338 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Facts of the Potential Litigation On August of 2011, Chancellor Dennis Walcott announced that all middle and high schools will be required to teach compulsory sexual health education as part of the core curriculum. Required Health classes focusing on human sexuality are provided as mandated at Edward R. Murrow high school. Some of the topics of this course include but are not limited to the following: HIV/AIDS, practicing of safe sex, sexually transmitted diseases, description of both male andRead More Freedom Of Expression Essay748 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagespeople in the United States are guaranteed this right by the Constitution. Students, however, do not have this right to the same extent as adults. This is because public schools are required to protect all students at the school. The major aspects of this right are speech and dress. Both the right to speech and dress are not absolute in public high schools. According to the American Civil Liberties Union: quot;You (students) have a right to express your opinions as l ong as you do so in a way that doesntRead MoreInformation Technology Report : Singapore As A World Leader925 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreferred to Singapore s population as its only natural resource and described education in the vocabulary of resource developmentÃ¢â¬ (Lepoer, 1989). The Global Information Technology Report has Singapore as a world leader in the quality of their education as well as Internet access provided to their schools (Dutta, Geiger, Lanvin, 2015). Singapore has accomplished this by having meticulous outlines on what the public school system looks to accomplish as well as having an eye toward the future. WhileRead MorePersonal Statement : Public Schools1030 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Boswell Statement Essay My contribution to NYC public schools children in education has been extensive. I first began working in NYC public schools as a speech pathologist in 1980. I would examine expressive and receptive language skills of children and through task analyses develop strategies of language acquisition. In short, I was able to gets students to improve their reading and writing skills in order to master grade level competencies. In my educational journey, I was recruited by PrincipalRead MoreBenefits Of A University College1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesuniversity college to Ã¢â¬Å"administer general education or the core curriculum, implement retention programs, offer individualized degrees, and assess student learningÃ¢â¬ (p. 3) to better justify the units academic standing. Effective educational practices often included in the university college unit are learning communities, service learning, and other curricular innovations that enhance student learning. University college units are th e socialization to postsecondary education that many of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s students requireRead MoreLegal Influences on the State Board of Education1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDescribe the powers and authority of the state board of education and local school boards and what responsibilities they have for the administration and operation of schools. The state board of education governs the way that education is directed within the state. They create policies covering a variety of legal issues such as health and safety, minimum requirements for teacher licensure, graduation requirements, rights of students with disabilities, and student disciplinary practices. The stateRead More The Individuals with Disability Education Act Policy Essay example1602 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDisabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 is a federal law which requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. US Department Of Education (n.d.) The populationRead MoreSage As A Master Of Economics1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslines from the GovernorÃ¢â¬â¢s inauguration speech have framed my thinking about public education policy for the past three years. Every time The Movement Education Committee gets together, we begin each meeting by re-reading those three lines. We had them embroidered and framed; they hang on the wall of our committee workroom. We consider it a statement of our core values and beliefs; it frames every decision we make, every policy we recommend Ã¢â¬â everything.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That speech was a masterpiece. Which lines are
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
The Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad is one of the most historical national monuments around the world. The term underground railroad was used to describe a network of meeting places, secret passageways, and safe houses used by the African slaves to escape the slave states and travel to the northern states, such as Canada (Ã¢â¬Å"Underground Railroad Where HistoryÃ¢â¬ ) . The Underground Railroad also had many prominent figures including Harriet Tubman, John Fairfield, and Levi Coffin (Ã¢â¬Å"People and EventsÃ¢â¬ ). The Underground Railroad is known as one of the most secret systems of escape during slavery. The history of the Underground Railroad began in the mid 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s and was aided by people involved in the Abolition movement. By the year 1862, thousands of people were involved in the dangerous process of freeing slaves. The people who helped the slaves escape were called Ã¢â¬Å"conductorsÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"engineersÃ¢â¬ and helped the slaves escape by g iving them jobs, shelter and food. They also hid the slaves away from people who were trying to catch them and return them to their slave owners. The places used to stash the slaves were known as stations. For instance, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s homes and barns were used as a place to hold the slaves during their journey to freedom. In these stations, the slaves were fed, clothed and their wounds were treated, until it was time to move to the next location. The escaping slaves were referred to as passengers, cargo or goods. The conductors, Quakers and otherShow MoreRelatedUnderground Railroad Essay Outline1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTHE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD 1 The Underground Railroad Raymond Allen Setlock West Catholic High School THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD 2 Our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s history had its good times and also its bad times. One of our bad times in our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s history was the time when the United States allowed slavery to takeRead MoreThe Underground Railroad And The Civil War1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Underground Railroad was a passage to freedom for the slaves which made the slave-owners exasperate. The slaves had to risk their lives while travelling to the northern states but it was worth it as the result of such hard work was freedom. The underground railroad, a secret network running from the Deep South through the free states and to the Canadian border that helped slaves escape from the slave-holding states before the Civil War, allowed abolitionists and their allies to help runawayRead MoreThe Great Escape: Harriet Tubman Essay1027 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJohn Parker -Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Underground Railroad: A Pathway to FreedomÃ¢â¬ 1) . These were all well known individuals who escaped slavery using the Underground Railroad. Beginning in the late 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s, many lives were at risk all for the sake of their freedom. The Underground Railroad was not only a secret system that was used to help fugitive slaves gain their freedom, but it was an opportunity for a better life. Although the Railroad had its advantages, it also had many downfalls. The life of slavery had taken a largeRead MoreThe Underground Railroad Essay1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ Ã Ã During the Pre-Civil War era in America, many Africans become enslaved. They were taken from their homes in Africa, packed densely onto ships and transported across the Atlantic to Southern America. White Americans bought these Africans, including children, to work on crop plantations or do housework. (Africans Arrive in North America) Countless slaves tried to escape the southern slave states to the anti-slavery northern states. A number of slaves even went as far as Canada to be free of theRead MoreHelping Slaves Escape with t he Underground Railroad1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Underground Railroad was a hidden system developed to help fugitive slaves escape from bondage. It is both a dangerous and illegal task to assist these fugitive runaways with their escape. Secret codes were created to help protect themselves and to reach their destinations safely. One of these secret codes was the Ã¢â¬Å"Quilt Code,Ã¢â¬ it was used to display various geometric shapes and patterns resembling those found in American patchwork quilts. These quilts displayed messages in connection withRead MoreThe Underground Railroad Was The Name Used To Describe1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Underground Railroad was the name used to describe a network of secret routes and safe houses used to help African American slaves escape into free states and Canada. Many slaves risked their lives to be free. Slavery began during the American Revolution and near the end of the Civil War when millions of African Americans were captured from Africa and were forced onto slave ships that sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to North America to be sold into slavery. Before the underground railroad, ifRead MoreEssay On Underground Railroad1005 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Underground railroads have been prominent in history since the early nineteenth century. Throughout time, numerous different underground railroads have been created for many different purposes, all liberating those subject to slavery or poverty. Modern slavery, known as human trafficking, usually affects immigrants who do not completely know their rights or who are tricked into a Ã¢â¬Å"jobÃ¢â¬ that does not fit its original description. This applies to Unwind due to the way the kids are treated and theRead MoreAmerican History: UnderGround RailRoad Provided a Scape to Slaves1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring the first half of the nineteenth century, slavery was one of the most controversial topics in the United States of America, where the questions of whether or not slavery should be abolished or permitted sparked much debate and tension between the North and South Ã¢â¬â that ultimately lead to the Civil War. The Underground Railroad was established in the mid-1800s as an in formational system of clandestine that aided slaves in escaping towards the Northern States and Canada through secret pathwaysRead MoreThe Life Of Harriet Tubman And Frederick Douglass1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDuring the 19th century, over 100,000 slaves from southern plantations within the United States achieved their freedom through the Underground Railroad. This system of hiding and aiding a slave in order to achieve their freedom was attributed greatly to the sacrifices of many Americans. Most of the locations of the Underground Railroad are continuously a secret to this day. Many white Americans and already free slaves risked their lives to help other slaves escape the harsh conditions of theirRead MoreSlavery And The Underground Railroad1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Slavery was a horrific action that took place for hundreds of years., The Underground Railroad was a way to escape this atrocity. The Underground Railroad was not an actual railroad that was underground, but inste ad a system of homes and places that would house runaway slaves and help them to escape to the North. The Underground Railroad was a dangerous thing, but had the great reward of, freedom for slaves, if theyyou successfully completed the challenge. It took great courage and bravery to take
Tuesday, December 24, 2019
What Kinds of Problems do White Collar and Corporate Crime Pose for Explanations of Criminality Until relatively recently, the concept of the criminal was that of a person who, somehow disadvantaged and disenfranchised from society, decided to ignore societal laws and concentrate on increasing his personal worth at the expense of society. The idea of the criminal as the outsider became an accepted part of criminological theory, so much so that almost all modern theories of criminology focus on some aspect of how the person is disenfranchised to explain why that person would engage in criminal behavior. However, for white collar criminals, these explanations are generally inapplicable. Most white collar criminals are, well, white, or, if minorities, otherwise linked to the dominant groups in society in a way that argues against disenfranchisement. In order to be able to commit the types of crimes that are considered white collar or corporate crimes, people have to be in a position of power and privilege that argues against them having an outsider status. Unfortunately, this rob s the criminologist of ready explanations for white collar crime. Examining a few prominent components of major criminological theories, one sees how these components are not readily applied to the corporate criminal. One theory behind criminality is social control theory, which suggests that those in power create laws as a means of controlling those who lack power. Therefore, laws, whichShow MoreRelatedWhite Collar Crimes And Street Crimes1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhite-collar crimes are just as prevalent today as ordinary street crimes. Studies show that criminal acts committed by white-collar criminals continue to increase due to unforeseen opportunities presented in the corporate world, but these crimes are often overlooked or minimally publicized in reference to criminal acts on the street. Many street crimes are viewed as unnecessary, horrendous crimes because they are committed by lower class citizens, whereas white collar crimes are illegal acts committedRead MoreThe Growi ng Problem of White Collar Crimes in India19963 Words Ã |Ã 80 PagesThe Growing Problem of White Collar Crimes in India Ã¢â¬Å"The practitioners of evil, the hoarders, the profiteers, the black marketers and speculators are the worst enemies of our society. They have to be dealt with sternly, however well placed important and influential they may be; if we acquiesce in wrongdoing, people will lose faith in usÃ¢â¬ - Dr Radhakrishnan Methodology The research methodology used for the present research article is traditional DoctrinalRead MoreHow Does the Criminal Justice System Respond to White Collar and Corporate Crime?2543 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesRESPOND TO WHITE COLLAR AND CORPORATE CRIME? White-collar crime poses a vexing problem for the criminal justice system (CJS). It is an enormously complex global issue that is growing rapidly and is a cross-border problem. White-collar crime is viewed differently in contrast to conventional crime as generally the public associate crime with street crimes such as robbery, burglary or homicide. Affluent and privileged persons who enjoy an elevated social status and who engage in crimes are rarelyRead More Radical Criminology Essay2456 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCriminal law involves prosecution by the state of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime (Criminal law, 2010). But who gets to decide what acts are criminal? It should be no surprise that the individuals with the most power do. For radical criminologists, the problem arises in capitalist societies because it is in these societies where the means of production are owned privately by a small number of people. Based on the writings of Karl Marx, radical criminologists argue that theRead MoreAssess the functionalist theory of crime and deviance1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAssess the functionalist view of crime and deviance. [21 marks] This essay will detail the functionalist perspective of crime and deviance. Functionalist theories began to emerge after the industrial revolution in the 18th century. This period was called the enlightenment, and brought about scientific belief as opposed to the feudalist beliefs of religion. Religion no longer had such a powerful impact on peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. The aim of sociological theories such as functionalism is to cure social illsRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesÃ¢â¬ inasmuch as this new passport was a standardized identity document issued by a central government and required of all people moving within the nation.18 Trends toward liberal migration started to reverse with the exclusion of Asians from many white settler nations after the 1880s, the rise of medical inspections at about the same time, and the more general rise of passport and systematic immigration laws after World War I.19 Restrictions on international migration in the 1920s heralded the